Sunday, May 24, 2020

The 21 March 1960 Sharpeville Massacre

On 21 March 1960 at least 180 black Africans were injured (there are claims of as many as 300) and 69 killed when South African police opened fire on approximately 300 demonstrators, who were protesting against the pass laws, at the township of Sharpeville, near Vereeniging in the Transvaal. In similar demonstrations at the police station in Vanderbijlpark, another person was shot. Later that day at Langa, a township outside Cape Town, police baton charged and fired tear gas at the gathered protesters, shooting three and injuring several others. The Sharpeville Massacre, as the event has become known, signaled the start of armed resistance in South Africa, and prompted worldwide condemnation of South Africas Apartheid policies. Build-up to the Massacre On 13 May 1902 the treaty which ended the Anglo-Boer War was signed at Vereeniging; it signified a new era of cooperation between English and Afrikaner living in Southern Africa. By 1910, the two Afrikaner states of Orange River Colony (Oranje Vrij Staat) and Transvaal (Zuid Afrikaansche Republick) were joined with Cape Colony and Natal as the Union of South Africa. The repression of black Africans became entrenched in the constitution of the new union (although perhaps not intentionally) and the foundations of Grand Apartheid were laid. After the Second World War the Herstigte (Reformed or Pure) National Party (HNP) came into power (by a slender majority, created through a coalition with the otherwise insignificant Afrikaner Party) in 1948. Its members had been disaffected from the previous government, the United Party, in 1933, and had smarted at the governments accord with Britain during the war. Within a year the Mixed Marriages Act was instituted – the first of many segregationist laws devised to separate privileged white South Africans from the black African masses. By 1958, with the election of Hendrik Verwoerd, (white) South Africa was completely entrenched in the philosophy of Apartheid. There was opposition to the governments policies. The African National Congress  (ANC) was working within the law against all forms of racial discrimination in South Africa. In 1956 had committed itself to a South Africa which belongs to all. A peaceful demonstration in June that same year, at which the ANC (and other anti-Apartheid groups) approved the Freedom Charter, led to the arrest of 156 anti-Apartheid leaders and the Treason Trial which lasted until 1961. By the late 1950s, some of ANCs members had become disillusioned with the peaceful response. Known as Africanists this select group was opposed to a multi-racial future for South Africa. The Africanists followed a philosophy that a racially assertive sense of nationalism was needed to mobilize the masses, and they advocated a strategy of mass action (boycotts, strikes, civil disobedience and non-cooperation). The Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) was formed in April 1959, with Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe as president. The PAC and ANC did not agree on policy, and it seemed unlikely in 1959 that they would co-operate in any manner. The ANC planned a campaign of demonstration against the pass laws to start at the beginning of April 1960. The PAC rushed ahead and announced a similar demonstration, to start ten days earlier, effectively hijacking the ANC campaign. The PAC called for African males in every city and village... to leave their passes at home, join demonstrations and, if arrested, [to] offer no bail, no defence, [and] no fine.1 On 16 March 1960, Sobukwe wrote to the commissioner of police, Major General Rademeyer, stating that the PAC would be holding a five-day, non-violent, disciplined, and sustained protest campaign against pass laws, starting on 21 March. At a press conference on 18 March, he further stated: I have appealed to the African people to make sure that this campaign is conducted in a spirit of absolute non-violence, and I am quite certain they will heed my call. If the other side so desires, we will provide them with an opportunity to demonstrate to the world how brutal they can be. The PAC leadership was hopeful of some kind of physical response. References: 1. Africa since 1935 Vol VIII of the UNESCO General History of Africa, editor Ali Mazrui, published by James Currey, 1999, p259-60.    Next page Part 2: The Massacre Page 1, 2, 3

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

The Integrative Intervention Model Of Child Based Play

â€Å"Many traditional family therapists often exclude small children from the therapeutic process† (Wehrman Field, 2013). Although therapists may feel as though conducting a session with children present can be challenging, it is strongly encouraged to do so. The integrative intervention model of child-based play is an effective method in which therapists should use when treating families. Recent research concludes that the â€Å"integration of children and families involved in counseling will benefit the family when all family members are present† (Wehrman Field, 2013). Results of this method of therapy provide therapeutic change for families in their communication and relationships. Examples of play-based activities that can be used in†¦show more content†¦As a result of these behaviors, sessions may be unproductive. Child and parental involvement in counseling produce positive family dynamics and increase the communication skills within families. The â €Å"current movement in the counseling profession is to combine family counseling and play therapy so that all members of the family benefit from creative, therapeutic interventions† (Wehrman Field, 2013). Creativity allows the family to be engaged with one another. As stated previously, there are several play-based activities counselors can use in family therapy. Puppets and dolls symbolize a family member’s reality or fantasy in which they act out scenes that portray what they are feeling. Expressive art is used to create pictures illustrating the perspectives individual family member. The integrated model provides many advantages for children. Play-based activities encourage children to work through their thoughts and feelings. Children are more likely to participate in the process when given toys rather than sitting on the couch. Another advantage is that it â€Å"offers the child a powerful way of mastering his or her world and is crucial to cognitive developmen t, personality formation, and social adaptation† (Wehrman Field 2013). Play itself is important in child development. With the addition of play in therapy, children will be able to lean and develop even more. Counselors can apply there skills while interacting with children.Show MoreRelatedChild Maltreatment And Its Effects On Children With Disabilities981 Words   |  4 PagesChild Maltreatment Child maltreatment is implicated as a risk factor in many disorders, ranging from externalizing such as conduct disorder to internalizing such as anxiety or depression. In the text, they propose a question as to the timing of abuse. Does the abuse come as a reaction of the parents because the child is difficult to manage? Or does difficult behavior such result from the abuse? Research has shown that children that may be harder to manage such as disabilities are at higher riskRead MoreGroup Counseling in Schools: Annotated Bibliography Essay1046 Words   |  5 Pageseffect school aged children. He also suggest some appropriate topics to offer group counseling on such as a divorce group, a drug and alcohol abuse group, or a physical abuse group. The article goes on to explain several different types of group intervention such as educational guidance groups, counseling groups, and therapy groups. Five different stages of groups; forming stage, storming stage, norming stage, and the p erforming stage are broken down into 4 subset stages for clearer explanation. AfterRead MoreEvaluation Of A Speech Language Pathologist ( Slp )1397 Words   |  6 PagesLastly, it is likely that a child diagnosed with 22q11.2 DS will experience health issues. This may effect their alertness and participation in the classroom due to their fragile health (McDonald et al., 2013). 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People take on too much and eventually burnout. Balancing school, work, family, household responsibilities, and other various tasks can be challenging. T he Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP) is an evidenced based program that many agencies are instructed to tell their clients about. It allows clients to write their own wellness plan. They write a plan on what they do to stay healthy and well. They are asked to identify periods of wellness and to think backRead Moreâ€Å"It Must Be Remembered That For The Person With Severe1407 Words   |  6 Pagespeople in the United States, or about 4.1% of the population.3 In addition to the many debilitating symptoms of serious mental illness, many people also lack insight into the extent and effects of their symptoms; lack of insight is neurologically based and is often a hallmark of serious mental illness. This lack of insight coupled with the complexities of serious mental. Treated Indifferently Stigma related to mental illnesses is a great burden on societies globally. Factors associated with nursesRead MoreThe Impact of Fluency Tutor on Student Reading Scores1564 Words   |  7 PagesThe educational sector has reached a pivotal crossroads. Educational legislation and federally funded initiatives enacted by the current and previous Presidential Administrations, such as the Race to the Top and No Child Left Behind, have placed significant focus, in not only attention and scrutiny, but also in resources, on the advancement of educational attainment levels across the nation. The push for common educational standards has reinvigorated the interest of the general public in educationRead MoreStructural Family Therapy3217 Words   |  13 PagesModels of Therapy Structural Family Therapy Theory: Structural Family Therapy (SFT) has a few interventions within the theoretical model that I could see myself using with clients (families) from diverse backgrounds with diverse presenting problems. I am in agreement with the way this model looks at the different types of families and the types of issues they present with such as the patterns common to troubled families; some being enmeshed, chaotic and tightly interconnectedRead MoreCounseling Plan for a Dysfunctional Family Essay2219 Words   |  9 PagesThe Baylors â€Å" I just don’t understand why my family just can’t be normal.† This is the quote that Mallorie Baylor continuously plays in her head. Mallorie Baylor is a 16-year old African American female. She currently lives with both her parents in Perach Ridge subdivision, an upper middle class neighborhood, and is a sophomore attending Franklin D. Roosevelt High School. Joseph Baylor, 58, her father, is a prominent 15-year car salesman. He has 10-12 hour workdays and is a functioningRead MoreEssay on Organizational Development Strategy Proposal:2115 Words   |  9 PagessystemÂâ€"save oneÂâ€"has failed to meet the minimum standards required for the No Child Left Behind program. This coming year will be the final year for the public school system to meet the standards or it will lose its charter and the program will be taken over by state officials or privatized. There are four basic strategies that could be implemented  ¯ Action Research, Appreciative Inquir y, Future Search and Whole Systems Intervention. Because of the infrastructure difficulties and cultural changes that need

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Feeling of Music Free Essays

In my listen world there are almost no classical music existence, but sometimes will still have a little. It does affect the music that I listen to now. Those classical music like a memory to me. We will write a custom essay sample on The Feeling of Music or any similar topic only for you Order Now Sometimes it will attract me to listen it; it reminds me to some historical memory, which I don’t like it at all. It will make me think the music that now I listen to are no any connotation and superficial. Even though I don’t like classical music, but somehow I will choose to listen it; because it let me have a feeling that back to the century. Classical music has a pretty big influence, because listening to classical music can decreases my tension in sometime. Even that classical music is not my preferred genre. Now, in my opinion there are a lot of difference between modern classical music and pop music. The tones of the modern classical music are still singing very slowly and the sounds can make you sleepy. Also now all the modern classical music all around us most have gone, even though there are still have some popular in this century, but most people won’t hear it because now have pop music. However, the classical get in development it still can’t compare favorably with pop music, because now is twenty-one century everyone get in fashion. Pop music is modern say music that a large amount of the population enjoys listening to. As a genre, pop music is very eclectic, often borrowing elements from other styles. It’s including urban, dance, rock, Latin and country; nonetheless, there are core elements which define pop. It is written quite recently and has almost no rules as to how it can sound. Also it’s unique and lots of improvisation. In additional, classical music does not affect my life at all. In my life only contain pop music, because I am a person that seeks vogue. I don’t allow anything affects my fashion, because in my mind classical music is a backward thing. As I mansion earlier, in my listen world there are almost no classical music existence. So, for this case classical music wont affect my life at all. How to cite The Feeling of Music, Papers

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Marketing and Management for Biotech Company- myassignmenthelp

Question: Discuss about theMarketing and Management for Biotech Company Calimmune. Answer: Introduction The report presents a brief overview of the CSL Company and it explains the mission, vision, and values of the organization. It explains the planning process and value chain strategies to gain the good position in the market. It describes that how the firm is maintaining sustainable human resource department within the organization. Further, it tells that how the leaders are influencing employees at the workplace to do work effectively. It also explains the future strategies and plans of the firm to gain long-term success and growth in near future. It also explains the significance of human resource management and leadership to ensure the efficiency and productivity of the subordinates within the organization. CSL is the global biotechnology company which deals in various biotechnology products in the market. Mainly, the firm develops, produces and researches the various biotechnology products that may help people to reduce various serious diseases. The company is growing and flourishing its business day by day. The company is dealing in various products include blood plasma derivatives, vaccines, antivenom, cell culture and other medical and laboratory products. CSL is incorporated on 1916 and its headquarter is located in Melbourne, Victoria. The company is distributing its products worldwide. In this way, the company is increasing its revenue and profit (Witcomb, 2015). Background The company was founded in 1916 as commonwealth serum laboratories (CSL). Mr. Paul. Perrault is the CEO of the company. All the business operations and activities are managed and controlled by the CEO of the firm. After the various researchers, it has been analyzed that CSL is providing good quality of products to the customers with maintaining sustainability in the organization. Along with this, the organization is also focusing and monitoring on the environmental benefits by restoring natural resources, oil and water at a lower cost. There are various environmental elements which affect the growth and success of the company across the world. After various researchers, it has been evaluated that the company was part of the government since its earlier days. Therefore, CSL needs to follow various rules and regulations in the manufacturing and administration process. There are various legal factors, political and economic factors also exist in the environment that affect the business activities and operation of the firm. It seems that the company provides economic products to the people across the world. Further, social and technological factors affect the progress and development of the company in the world. Apart from CSL, Grifols and Baxter are a most important organization that holds the market share in Australia across the world. CSL is an innovative universal company which is dealing in innovative biotechnology products around the world (Collu et al, 2012). Planning and strategy Planning is an essential part of the CSL which plays a vital role in order to meet the long-term goals and objectives of the company across the world. Further, the firm is using various effective and unique strategies and policies to increase the revenue and profits of the company in the global market. The organization is adopting effective rules, code of conducts and values in the business activities and operations to gain the various advantages in the world. In addition, the company looks after about the patients safety and health by providing good quality of biotechnology products to its customers. The vision and core values of the company have been discussed below (Khromava et al, 2012). Patient focus: The Company promises to deliver good quality of products to the customers across the world. It develops various therapies which provide various benefits to the patients. It protects the health of the people. In this way, the company is trying to improve the quality of life of the people around the people. Integrity: The Company is always trying to do the right things for its patients, employees, shareholders, and communities. Further, the company is maintaining honesty, ethics, and transparency within the organization. It follows high standards, sustainability and best practices across the world (Gilding and Pickering, 2011). Innovation: The firm invests a huge amount to develop innovative and powerful technologies across the world. In this way, the company is able to provide good quality of products to its customers around the world. Innovative ideas also help to improve the decision making process, procedures, and system of the firm (Krtke, 2014). Collaboration: CSL maintains coordination and collaboration among the employees for providing biotechnology products to the customers in the global market. The employees are work together to meet the similar goals and objectives of the firm (Choi and Yu, 2014). Superior performance: The main aim of the CSL is to achieve the superior results in the organization. The employees, as well as managers, are giving the best performance in the company to encourage the values and standards of the firm in the global market (CSL, 2017). Further, CSL is providing various biotechnology products and services in order to meet the mission and vision of the company by utilizing the natural resources of the organization. In this way, the company is maintaining sustainability in the market across the world. In addition, CSL is using effective and unique strategies in the production process. The company uses eco-friendly packaging strategy to fulfill the requirements and expectations of the environment as well as the community. Apart from these strategies, the company uses various plans and policies to gain the success and growth in the market. It uses the holistic planning approach to determine the progress of the firm. In addition, CSL is producing innovative products to gain the long-term benefits in the market (Gilding and Pickering, 2011). The firm focuses on the health and safety of the patients and it serves the society by providing various types of biotechnology products in the market. Further, it has been noticed th at the customers buy the products of CSL when they suffer from serious disease and illness. The firm is producing the good quality of products to attract more customers across the world. In addition, the holistic innovative plans have been created by the company to provide innovative and good quality of products to its customers around the world. The organization is implementing effective values and standards to maximize the sales of the company. Therefore, entire activities and actions are implemented in management and operation process of the organization in order build and maintain sustainable progress across the world. Further, the company is using effective and excellent marketing strategies to overcome on its competitors in the global market. Now it can be said that planning process plays a vital and significant role to enhance and increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the organization (Tseng, Lim and Wong, 2015). Human resource management Human resource management is the important part of every organization to flourish and expand its business globally. None of the organization can survive its business without HRM. The company requires efficient and dedicated team members to run the business activities smoothly in the market. Thus, CSL also maintains a sustainable human resource management to attain the mission and vision of the firm. The company recruits potential and efficient employees to resolve the various health-related problems of the patients around the world. To run the business activities globally, the company appoints skilled and qualified employees who are fit for the company. Further, various training and career development programs are conducted by the company to improve the quality and efficiency of the employees (Aggarwal, 2014). Human resource management checks and evaluates that whether the employee is fit for the work or not, whether they are giving proper information about the products or not. In this way, HR manager evaluates the performance of the employees. CSL believes to find a right and suitable candidate to do the job effectively and efficiently. The employees should take care to the organizational image and job profile in the firm. Wage and pay scheme affect the business activities and operations adversely. Therefore, the employees should receive appropriate pay from the organization. It will also help to achieve long-term goals and objectives and it will motivate the workers to improve the satisfaction level of the customers in the country. In addition, CSL is using effective communication system at the workplace to increase the productivity of the employees. The top management is liable to maintain proper communication within the organization. It will also help to provide job satisfaction and mo rale to the employees. Now it is assumed that HRM plays a crucial role in every organization in order to attain the various goals and objectives of the company. HRM is the primary and foremost part of the CSL limited company (Burns, 2012). Leadership It is the process to manage and influence other people for doing work effectively. Through leadership, the company is able to manage sustainable practices and policies within the organization. The company initiates the plans and activities are a very effective manner to inspire and motivate the other people and competitors in the global market across the world. The effective and unique leadership provides right direction to the organization which ensures the progress and development of the organization (Clarke et al, 2012). Through leadership, managers and top management can motivate and encourage employees to do work effectively and efficiently. Leaders use effective leadership styles in order to assist the employees within the organization. There are various leadership styles which include autocratic style, democratic style, strategic leadership style, transformational style, Team leadership, laizzez fair leadership style etc. CSL Company follows democratic leadership style. It is also known as the shared leadership style and participative leadership style. Through democratic leadership style, the managers give advice and suggestion to the employees in order to take an important decision in the company. It involves all the employees of the organization. All the employees maintain trust, faith and believe at the workplace in order to gain the long-term objectives and goals within the organization. It also improves the goodwill of the company and it helps to maintain good relations with the employees. Leadership is the important part of the organization to motivate and encourage subordinates to perform the task effectively and efficiently (Grne, Lockemann, Kluy and Meinhardt, 2013). Controlling the value chain and technology Innovative technologies and value chain play a vital role in every organization in order to gain long-term success and growth. Thus, the company should adopt effective value chain process to ensure the proper supply of the products in the market. The company is dealing in biotechnology products so it should supply the products on regular basis in the market. They should resolve the problems which can arise in the organization with people. The company needs to update the value chain process on regular basis in order to improve and enhance the quality of products and services in the market across the world. Further, technology also plays a significant role in CSL Company (Michelino, Lamberti, Cammarano and Caputo, 2015). The company is using latest and innovative technologies to provide various growth opportunities to people in the market. The organization uses effective and unique technologies in various types of therapies to fulfill the requirements and needs of the patients. CSL can take various benefits by controlling the value chain process in the market. It provides cost benefits by reducing and controlling the cost of individuals and value chain activities and by reconfiguring the value chain process. In addition, various latest and innovative technologies are used by the company in value chain process to gain the competitive advantages in the market across the world. Now it is assumed that value chain process and technology are interrelated with each other. The company is maintaining sustainability by controlling on value chain process and by using new technology in the market (White, Lim and Lee, 2012). Future strategies and recommendations CSL is focusing on the following strategies to maintain sustainability in the environment that have been discussed below (Strand, 2014). Pricing strategy: The Company focuses on the pricing strategy to fulfill the long-term goals and objectives of the firm. It provides a wide range of biotechnology products at reasonable prices. It focuses on the market as well as competitors products prices to overcome on the competitors in the market. Sometimes, it also offers products at a discount to attract more customers in the market. In this way, this strategy helps to increase the demand for the products in the market across the world. By using pricing strategy, the company can beat the competitors in the market (Kumru et al, 2014). Product strategy: CSL is providing a variety of biotechnology products to the customers to save the lives of the people in the world. The main of the company behind the product strategy is to reduce the illness and diseases of the people by supplying various types of biotechnology products to the customers. The biotechnology products include Antivenoms, vaccines, plasma therapies and other diagnostic products and services. The company is trying to produce more new and innovative biotechnology products in the market (Manivasagan, Venkatesan, Sivakumar, and Kim, 2013). Promotional strategy: The promotional strategy is an important strategy to expand the company business worldwide. The company should adopt effective and unique promotional strategy to overcome on the competitors in the market. Through promotional and advertisement strategies, the company can attract more customers in the global market. It helps to maintain the goodwill of the company across the world (Luning et al, 2011). Now it is recommended that the company should focus on the various marketing strategies to increase the sales and revenue of the company. Various advertisement and promotional strategies must be initiated and used by the company to encourage and increase the revenue and profits of the firm. Further, it should monitor and evaluate the labeling and packaging of the biotechnology products and services. CSL should not use the harmful drugs and medicines. The firm should use natural resources in the manufacturing process. In addition, it should diversify its products across the world to attract more customers in the market. The organization must encourage employees to do work effectively and efficiently. Along with this, it must analyze and measure the competitors plans, policies and strategies to gain various competitors benefits in the market (Gilding and Pickering, 2011). Conclusion On the above discussion, it has been concluded that CSL is a biotechnology company which is offering various biotechnology products in the market. The company is using natural resources to produce the various types of biotechnology products in the market. Further, the CSL is maintaining sustainability at the workplace. The company uses various strategies to improve the growth and success of the firm in the market. The organization provides motivation to the employees by maintaining sustainable human resource management. Apart from this, the company uses effective and unique leadership styles to advise and guide to the subordinates in a better manner. In this way, the company is expanding and flourishing its business activities and operation in the global market across the world. Further, it is also controlling value chain process and using effective and innovative technologies within the organization. References Aggarwal, S.R., 2014. What's fueling the biotech engine [mdash] 2012 to 2013.Nature biotechnology,32(1), pp.32-39. Burns, L.R. ed., 2012.The business of healthcare innovation. Cambridge University Press. Choi, Y. and Yu, Y., 2014. The influence of perceived corporate sustainability practices on employees and organizational performance. Sustainability, 6(1), pp.348-364. Clarke, T., Nielsen, B.B., Nielsen, S., Klettner, A.L. and Boersma, M., 2012.Australian Census of Women in Leadership. Australian Government EOWA. Collu, G.M., Hidalgo-Sastre, A., Acar, A., Bayston, L., Gildea, C., Leverentz, M.K., Mills, C.G., Owens, T.W., Meurette, O., Dorey, K. and Brennan, K., 2012. Dishevelled limits Notch signalling through inhibition of CSL.Development,139(23), pp.4405-4415. CSL, 2017, CSL Behring Acquires Biotech Company Calimmune and its Proprietary Stem Cell Gene Therapy Platform, retrieved from https://www.csl.com.au/investors/CSL-Behring-Acquires-Biotech-Company-Calimmune-and-its-Proprietary-Stem-Cell-Gene-Therapy-Platform. Gilding, M. and Pickering, J., 2011. May Contain Traces of Biotech:(Re) defining the Biotechnology Field in Australia. InProceedings of Australian Sociological Association Conference(p. 1). Gilding, M. and Pickering, J., 2011. May Contain Traces of Biotech:(Re) defining the Biotechnology Field in Australia. InProceedings of Australian Sociological Association Conference(p. 1). Gilding, M. and Pickering, J., 2011. May Contain Traces of Biotech:(Re) defining the Biotechnology Field in Australia. InProceedings of Australian Sociological Association Conference(p. 1). Grne, G., Lockemann, S., Kluy, V. and Meinhardt, S., 2013.Business Process Management Within Chemical and Pharmaceutical Industries: Markets, BPM Methodology and Process Examples. Springer Science Business Media. Khromava, A., Cohen, C.J., Mazur, M., Kanesa-thasan, N., Crucitti, A. and Seifert, H., 2012. Manufacturers' postmarketing safety surveillance of influenza vaccine exposure in pregnancy.American journal of obstetrics and gynecology,207(3), pp.S52-S56. Krtke, S., 2014. Global pharmaceutical and biotechnology firms linkages in the world city network.Urban Studies,51(6), pp.1196-1213. Kumru, O.S., Joshi, S.B., Smith, D.E., Middaugh, C.R., Prusik, T. and Volkin, D.B., 2014. Vaccine instability in the cold chain: mechanisms, analysis and formulation strategies.Biologicals,42(5), pp.237-259. Luning, P.A., Jacxsens, L., Rovira, J., Oss, S.M., Uyttendaele, M. and Marcelis, W.J., 2011. A concurrent diagnosis of microbiological food safety output and food safety management system performance: cases from meat processing industries.Food Control,22(3), pp.555-565. Manivasagan, P., Venkatesan, J., Sivakumar, K. and Kim, S.K., 2013. Marine actinobacterial metabolites: current status and future perspectives.Microbiol Res,168(6), pp.311-332. Michelino, F., Lamberti, E., Cammarano, A. and Caputo, M., 2015. Measuring open innovation in the Bio?Pharmaceutical industry.Creativity and Innovation Management,24(1), pp.4-28. Strand, R., 2014. Strategic leadership of corporate sustainability. Journal of Business Ethics, 123(4), pp.687-706. Tseng, M., Lim, M. and Wong, W.P., 2015. Sustainable supply chain management: A closed-loop network hierarchical approach. Industrial Management Data Systems, 115(3), pp.436-461. White, G., Lim, S. and Lee, A., 2012. Intellectual Capital Disclosure Quality Changes in the Biotechnology Industry, 2003-10. InEuropean Accounting Review. Tilburg University. Witcomb, G, 2015, CSl growth to slow as competition rises, retrieved from https://www.intelligentinvestor.com.au/CSLs-growth-to-slow-as-competition-rises

Friday, March 27, 2020

Imagery in Romeo and Juliet free essay sample

Both commit suicide rather than be separated by their families’ feud. The play has survived for centuries because of not only its captivating storyline but also its stirring phraseology. Shakespeare infuses Romeo and Juliet with various types of imagery for example, celestial, religious, avian, and light and dark references that provide metaphoric meaning, influence the spectators’ (or readers’) moods, and foreshadow the lamentable end. Heavenly imagery illuminates the brilliance of Romeo and Juliet’s relationship in the play. For example, Romeo says Juliet is like the sun, and that her eyes are â€Å"two of the fairest stars in all the heaven her eye in heaven/Would through the airy region stream so bright/That birds would sing and think it were not night† (2. 2. 15-23). Juliet states that Romeo should be â€Å"cut out in little stars† (3. 2. 24), and that daylight is â€Å"some meteor that the sun exhaled† (3. 5. 13). Humans have long been in awe of bright, dazzling astronomical objects like the meteors, stars, and sun that the lovers mention. We will write a custom essay sample on Imagery in Romeo and Juliet or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page With frequent celestial imagery, Shakespeare shows how beautiful and out-of-this-world Romeo and Juliet’s love is. Spiritual language, while emphasizing the purity of Romeo and Juliet’s love, also foreshadows their tragic fate. Romeo’s first discussion with Juliet is about Christian pilgrimage that illustrates how divine, almost flawlessly sacred, his devotion to her is, like the pious connection between a worshipper and God. To him, her hand is a â€Å"holy shrine† and his lips are â€Å"two blushing pilgrims† (1. 5. 105-106). He calls her a â€Å"dear saint† (1. 5. 114) and a â€Å"bright angel winged messenger of heaven† (2. 2. 29-31). His â€Å"pilgrim speech,† in which he convinces Juliet to let him kiss her, is written in sonnet form. The sonnet is the typical form of love poetry, and Shakespeare makes Romeo’s Christian language even more lyrical and beautiful. Later, their affection edges into blasphemy when Juliet names Romeo the â€Å"god of my idolatry† (2. 2. 119). Romeo and Juliet was written by Shakespeare in England, in Victorian times. His audience would have belonged to the Anglican Church, and surely would have noticed that Juliet’s statement is irreverent. Though her adulation is touching, Juliet seems to be replacing God with Romeo, with passion supplanting faith. The audience would have thought that the lovers’ unfortunate suicides could have been influenced by heavenly retribution. The religious undertones throughout the play serve both to highlight Romeo and Juliet’s love, and to warn of the disastrous consequences. Avian imagery influences the atmosphere of scenarios in Romeo and Juliet. At the balcony scene, when the sweethearts exchange their vows of love, they employ descriptions of birds to express the simple cuteness of their fondness. O, for a falc’ner’s voice/To lure this tassel-gentle back again! † (2. 2. 169-170) sighs Juliet, to which Romeo responds, â€Å"My nyas† (2. 2. 179, in some editions). Juliet also wishes that Romeo were â€Å"no farther than a wanton’s bird,/That lets it hop a little from his hand And with a silken thread plucks it back again† (2. 2. 191-19 4). The birds they speak of, tamed falcons and pets, are benign, even loved; speaking of them makes their declarations of love prettier. After their marriage, when Romeo has killed Tybalt and has been exiled permanently from Verona, Juliet’s references to birds grows bleaker. She starts off by pleading with Romeo to stay; â€Å"Nightly she sings on yond pomegranate. /Believe me, love, it was the nightingale† (3. 5. 4-5). Her language is still reminiscent of mellifluous sweetness, as is the scene: they have just spent the night together, and Romeo is only now leaving. But as daylight, and danger, approaches, the euphonious nightingale transforms into the cacophonous lark â€Å"that sings so out of tune,/Straining harsh discords and unpleasing sharps she divideth us† (3. 5. 27-30). Her remark about how unpleasing the lark is mirrors the bitter situation that she and Romeo are in. After Lord Capulet demands that Juliet marry Paris, even after she has married Romeo, the Nurse says that â€Å"An eagle, madam,/Hath not so green, so quick, so fair an eye/As Paris hath† (3. 5. 232-234). Though she means to compliment Paris, Nurse creates a contrast between Romeo and Paris. Unlike the tamed falcons mentioned by Romeo and Juliet, eagles are wild, and quick and eager to kill; while Romeo and Juliet’s relationship is gentle and fond, Juliet’s view of Paris is not nearly as loving. Shakespeare invokes moods fitting to particular scenes through avian imagery. Light and dark imagery in Romeo and Juliet is not particularly metaphoric; light does not always stand for good, just as dark does not invariably represent evil. Rather, Shakespeare utilizes light and dark imagery to induce sharp contrasts. For example, Benvolio tells Romeo that, at the Capulet party, he â€Å"will make thee think thy swan a crow† (1. 2. 94), as though the difference between the white feathers of the swan and the black of the crow was like the distinctiveness between Rosaline and other beauties. â€Å"O, she doth teach the torches to burn bright! It seems she hangs upon the cheek of night/As a rich jewel in an Ethiop’s ear a snowy dove trooping with crows† (1. 5. 51-55); â€Å"But soft, what light through yonder window breaks? † (2. 2. 2); â€Å"The brightness of her cheek would shame those stars/As daylight doth a lamp† (2. 2. 1-3); and â€Å"her beauty makes/This vault a feasting presence full of light† (5. 2. 85-86) are al l praises that Romeo sings of Juliet. To him, she is as brilliant as light, and as different from all other people as white is from black and light is from dark. Juliet says likewise: Romeo â€Å"wilt lie upon the wings of night/Whiter than new snow upon a raven’s back† (3. 2. 19-20). She, too, believes that Romeo is one-of-a-kind and dazzling. Light and dark imagery applies to situations as well. Their love is â€Å"like the lightning† (2. 2. 126), standing out against the background of the hate and violence in the feud. After Romeo and Juliet have consummated their marriage, the daytime and the sadness is brings is the opposite of the happiness of the past night: â€Å"More light and light, more dark and dark our woes† (3. 5. 36). The light and dark imagery of Romeo and Juliet is used for sensory contrasts. Imagery, by sparking the audience’s and readers’ imaginations, is one of the most important literary devices in Romeo and Juliet. The imagery particularly celestial, religious, avian, and light and dark enhances the play by swaying the viewers’ moods, taking over as metaphors, and hinting at the plot. Romeo and Juliet’s storyline and language contribute equal impressions on readers and spectators. With language as beautiful as Shakespeare’s, it’s little wonder that Romeo and Juliet is one of the most popular love stories in the world. Imagery in Romeo and Juliet free essay sample In Romeo and Juliet, a play by William Shakespeare, Romeo Montague and Juliet Capulet fall in love in fourteenth-century Verona. Both commit suicide rather than be separated by their families’ feud. The play has survived for centuries because of not only its captivating storyline but also its stirring phraseology. Shakespeare infuses Romeo and Juliet with various types of imagery for example, celestial, religious, avian, and light and dark references that provide metaphoric meaning, influence the spectators’ (or readers’) moods, and foreshadow the lamentable end. Heavenly imagery illuminates the brilliance of Romeo and Juliet’s relationship in the play. For example, Romeo says Juliet is like the sun, and that her eyes are â€Å"two of the fairest stars in all the heaven her eye in heaven/Would through the airy region stream so bright/That birds would sing and think it were not night† (2. 2. 15-23). Juliet states that Romeo should be â€Å"cut out in little stars† (3. We will write a custom essay sample on Imagery in Romeo and Juliet or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page 2. 24), and that daylight is â€Å"some meteor that the sun exhaled† (3. 5. 13). Humans have long been in awe of bright, dazzling astronomical objects like the meteors, stars, and sun that the lovers mention. With frequent celestial imagery, Shakespeare shows how beautiful and out-of-this-world Romeo and Juliet’s love is. Spiritual language, while emphasizing the purity of Romeo and Juliet’s love, also foreshadows their tragic fate. Romeo’s first discussion with Juliet is about Christian pilgrimage that illustrates how divine, almost flawlessly sacred, his devotion to her is, like the pious connection between a worshipper and God. To him, her hand is a â€Å"holy shrine† and his lips are â€Å"two blushing pilgrims† (1. 5. 105-106). He calls her a â€Å"dear saint† (1. 5. 114) and a â€Å"bright angel winged messenger of heaven† (2. 2. 29-31). His â€Å"pilgrim speech,† in which he convinces Juliet to let him kiss her, is written in sonnet form. The sonnet is the typical form of love poetry, and Shakespeare makes Romeo’s Christian language even more lyrical and beautiful. Later, their affection edges into blasphemy when Juliet names Romeo the â€Å"god of my idolatry† (2. 2. 119). Romeo and Juliet was written by Shakespeare in England, in Victorian times. His audience would have belonged to the Anglican Church, and surely would have noticed that Juliet’s statement is irreverent. Though her adulation is touching, Juliet seems to be replacing God with Romeo, with passion supplanting faith. The audience would have thought that the lovers’ unfortunate suicides could have been influenced by heavenly retribution. The religious undertones throughout the play serve both to highlight Romeo and Juliet’s love, and to warn of the disastrous consequences. Avian imagery influences the atmosphere of scenarios in Romeo and Juliet. At the balcony scene, when the sweethearts exchange their vows of love, they employ descriptions of birds to express the simple cuteness of their fondness. O, for a falc’ner’s voice/To lure this tassel-gentle back again! † (2. 2. 169-170) sighs Juliet, to which Romeo responds, â€Å"My nyas† (2. 2. 179, in some editions). Juliet also wishes that Romeo were â€Å"no farther than a wanton’s bird,/That lets it hop a little from his hand And with a silken thread plucks it back again† (2. 2. 191-19 4). The birds they speak of, tamed falcons and pets, are benign, even loved; speaking of them makes their declarations of love prettier. After their marriage, when Romeo has killed Tybalt and has been exiled permanently from Verona, Juliet’s references to birds grows bleaker. She starts off by pleading with Romeo to stay; â€Å"Nightly she sings on yond pomegranate. /Believe me, love, it was the nightingale† (3. 5. 4-5). Her language is still reminiscent of mellifluous sweetness, as is the scene: they have just spent the night together, and Romeo is only now leaving. But as daylight, and danger, approaches, the euphonious nightingale transforms into the cacophonous lark â€Å"that sings so out of tune,/Straining harsh discords and unpleasing sharps she divideth us† (3. 5. 27-30). Her remark about how unpleasing the lark is mirrors the bitter situation that she and Romeo are in. After Lord Capulet demands that Juliet marry Paris, even after she has married Romeo, the Nurse says that â€Å"An eagle, madam,/Hath not so green, so quick, so fair an eye/As Paris hath† (3. 5. 232-234). Though she means to compliment Paris, Nurse creates a contrast between Romeo and Paris. Unlike the tamed falcons mentioned by Romeo and Juliet, eagles are wild, and quick and eager to kill; while Romeo and Juliet’s relationship is gentle and fond, Juliet’s view of Paris is not nearly as loving. Shakespeare invokes moods fitting to particular scenes through avian imagery. Light and dark imagery in Romeo and Juliet is not particularly metaphoric; light does not always stand for good, just as dark does not invariably represent evil. Rather, Shakespeare utilizes light and dark imagery to induce sharp contrasts. For example, Benvolio tells Romeo that, at the Capulet party, he â€Å"will make thee think thy swan a crow† (1. 2. 94), as though the difference between the white feathers of the swan and the black of the crow was like the distinctiveness between Rosaline and other beauties. â€Å"O, she doth teach the torches to burn bright! It seems she hangs upon the cheek of night/As a rich jewel in an Ethiop’s ear a snowy dove trooping with crows† (1. 5. 51-55); â€Å"But soft, what light through yonder window breaks? † (2. 2. 2); â€Å"The brightness of her cheek would shame those stars/As daylight doth a lamp† (2. 2. 1-3); and â€Å"her beauty makes/This vault a feasting presence full of light† (5. 2. 85-86) are al l praises that Romeo sings of Juliet. To him, she is as brilliant as light, and as different from all other people as white is from black and light is from dark. Juliet says likewise: Romeo â€Å"wilt lie upon the wings of night/Whiter than new snow upon a raven’s back† (3. 2. 19-20). She, too, believes that Romeo is one-of-a-kind and dazzling. Light and dark imagery applies to situations as well. Their love is â€Å"like the lightning† (2. 2. 126), standing out against the background of the hate and violence in the feud. After Romeo and Juliet have consummated their marriage, the daytime and the sadness is brings is the opposite of the happiness of the past night: â€Å"More light and light, more dark and dark our woes† (3. 5. 36). The light and dark imagery of Romeo and Juliet is used for sensory contrasts. Imagery, by sparking the audience’s and readers’ imaginations, is one of the most important literary devices in Romeo and Juliet. The imagery particularly celestial, religious, avian, and light and dark enhances the play by swaying the viewers’ moods, taking over as metaphors, and hinting at the plot. Romeo and Juliet’s storyline and language contribute equal impressions on readers and spectators. With language as beautiful as Shakespeare’s, it’s little wonder that Romeo and Juliet is one of the most popular love stories in the world.

Friday, March 6, 2020

Walmart Speech Essay

Walmart Speech Essay Walmart Speech Essay Everyone knows Walmart, since they are the worlds biggest retailer. The real question is not if you have heard of them or not, it is how much do you really know about them? Do you understand how they became the company that they are today? What about their business practices or how they compensate their employees? I think it is fair to say that the majority of consumers do not know much about the company, just how low their prices are on their favorite items. We have all seen the negative effects that bad companies have had on our nation. The Enron scandal eliminated retirement pensions for thousands of employees; when the warning signs were recognized it was too late to save these accounts. What is puzzling is how we have a company that operates like they do and not too many people are concerned about how they conduct business, with only a few exceptions. Obviously unions are one of their most vocal opponents because their employees are non-union. Labor rights groups have stood up a gainst them as well because of how they are obtaining these cheap goods and if the workers in China (or wherever) are being treated fairly, and paid reasonably. Smaller local groups have also formed to fight new Walmart’s coming into their neighborhoods or when an existing store is proposed to become a Supercenter. Economists have taken a look at what the ramifications are to a state with Walmart’s in it and the numbers might surprise you. Since the company doesn’t offer the best compensation structure for wages and benefits some of their employees are actually receiving government assistance for medical care and food. What is troubling about this is that they makes billions in profit every year, but can’t get their employees decent medical insurance and this is one of my primary beefs with them as a company. A study by University of California Berkeley back in 2004 determined in the state of California, was paying 86 million dollars in health, food and housing assistance on Walmart employees. The study showed that the employees couldn’t get by with their wages and needed something from the state to help get by. Taxpayers in the state are expected

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Overthrow History Paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Overthrow History Paper - Essay Example Ultimately, the US loses interest in the target countries, allowing corruption or terrorism to flourish. Another pattern we can look at is the history of U.S.A mediation in governments around the world.   Kinzer’s starts with what he notes as the first American intervention in a foreign country, an intervention whose known aim was to collapse that government: the case of Hawaii, 1893. Hawaii was then an autonomous state ruled by a sovereign, Queen Liliuokalani. Kinzer facts the various political and economic motives behind this early example of American military power, or merely the threat of it, being ultimately used to destabilize and ultimate overthrow a foreign power that was not deemed to be complying with U.S. interests. Kinzer is careful to outline the economic imperatives that are so often at the root of political upheavals; in the case of Hawaii, it is white concern in the enormous profits to be made from sugar. The relation among economic and political forces as th ey played out in the case of Hawaii at the end of the 19th century set the pattern, Kinzer argues, for the several interventions that would go after over the next 100 years. Fast-forward to the assault of Iraq in 2003: as Kinzer notes, â€Å"Giant American Corporations stood to make huge profits from this conflict and its aftermath.† Among the main beneficiaries were Halliburton, Bechtel, and the Carlyle Group, all with ties to the Bush management and all major contributors to Bush’s presidential campaigns.   He tells the narration of the bold politicians, spies, military commanders, and commerce executives who took it upon themselves to depose royals, presidents, and prime ministers. He also shows that the U.S.A administration has often pursued these operations with no understanding the countries involved; as a result, many of them have had disastrous long-term effects. In a convincing and offensive history that takes readers to fourteen countries, including Cuba, I ran, South Vietnam, Chile, and Iraq, Kinzer surveys current American history from a new and often startling perspective. Justification for regime changes in places The control that economic power exercises over American foreign policy had grown extremely since the days when determined planters in Hawaii realized that by bringing their islands into the United States, they would be able to send their sugar to markets on the mainland without paying import duties. As the twentieth century progressed, titans of trade and their advocates went a step beyond influencing policy makers; they became the policy makers. The stature who most perfectly embodied this merging of political and economic interests was John Foster Dulles, who spent decades operational for some of the world’s most powerful corporations and then became secretary of state. Dulles ordered the 1953 coup in Iran, which was intended in part to make the Middle East safe for American oil companies. A year later he ordered another coup, in Guatemala, where a nationalist government had challenged the power of United Fruit, a company his old law firm represented. Having marshalled so much public and political support, American corporations found it relatively easy to call upon the military or the Central Intelligence Agency ( CIA) to defend their privileges in countries where they ran into trouble. They might not have been able to do so if they and the presidents who cooperated with them